In a previous post we looked at the (robust) sandwich variance estimator for linear regression. This method allowed us to estimate valid standard errors for our coefficients in linear regression, without requiring the usual assumption that the residual errors have constant variance.

In this post we'll look at how this can be done in practice using R, with the sandwich package (I'll assume below that you've installed this library). To illustrate, we'll first simulate some simple data from a linear regression model where the residual variance increases sharply with the covariate: